Nickel Mine in Canada & USA – Nickel Mining Company
Mine nickel production occurs in about 33 countries on all continents, and ores are smelted or refined in about 30 countries. Nickel production is usally in the form of ferro-nickel, nickel oxides, NPI, nickel sulphate and other chemicals, and as more or less pure nickel metal. Nickel producers in Canada include Vale, Glencore and Sherritt. Nickel producers in the USA include Lundin Mining, and nickel producers in Asia include Nickel Asia and Sumitomo Metal Mining.
Nickel is used in over 300,000 products for consumers in form of over 3000 alloys. It is also a high-end material used in construction, automobiles, petrochemicals, fabrication and welding, power and renewable energy, electronics, transportation and water sectors. Major nickel containing materials include stainless steels, super alloys, low expansion magnetic and shape memory alloys, alloy steels, cast irons and cast alloys, copper alloys, pure nickel & other alloys, plating and electroforming, nickel chemicals. The stainless steel industry is the biggest user of primary nickel and scrap nickel followed by alloys, special steel, plating, batteries and foundries. It is estimated that in 2017, the stainless steel industry accounted for approximately 75% of all primary nickel usage and also consumed nearly 900,000 tonnes of scrap nickel. The battery industry accounted for 3.7% with the remainder used by the other above-mentioned industries.
World primary nickel usage growth was interrupted in the lead up to global financial crisis. World primary nickel usage growth has accelerated since 2010 and has exceeded 2 million tonnes per annum since 2016.